Childhood adversities and post-traumatic stress disorder: evidence for stress sensitisation in the World Mental Health Surveys.

Summary: Investigates variation in associations of childhood adversities with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) according to childhood adversity type, traumatic experience types and life-course stage. Uses data from 27,017 individuals in the World Mental Health Survey. Findings show that physical and sexual abuse, child neglect and parent psychopathology were associates with similarly increased odds of PTSD.

Authors: Katie A. McLaughlin, Karestan C. Koenen, Evelyn J. Bromet, Elie G. Karam, Howard Liu, Maria Petukhova, Ayelet Meron Ruscio, Nancy A. Sampson, Dan J. Stein, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Guilherme Borges, Koen Demyttenaere, Rumyana V. Dinolova, Finola Ferry, Silvia Florescu, Giovanni de Girolamo, Oye Gureje, Norito Kawakami, Sing Lee, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Marina Piazza, Beth-Ellen Pennell, Jose Posada-Villa, Margreet ten Have, Maria Carmen Viana and Ronald C. Kessler

Journal: The British journal of psychiatry (Vol.211, Iss.5), 2017, pp 280-288